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Overview

 

   
  This page is designed for those looking for basic and general information on Japan. For your convenience, we have provided the equivalant information on the United States. Please understand that NAJAS is not responsible for the accuracy and timeliness of the information provided in this page. Thank you.

  Index    
       
  General Government Energy
  Geography Economy Education
  People Trade Military
       

         
  General        
           
  Country Name:   Japan   United States of America
           
  National Flag:    
      Hinomaru   Stars and Stripes
           
  Capital:   Tokyo   Washington, DC
           
  Independence:   660 BC   July 4, 1776
           
  Constitution:   May 3, 1974   March 4, 1789 (effective)
           
  Language:   Japanese   English, Spanish
           
  Ethnic Groups:   Japanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6%   white 81.7%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2%
           
  Religions:   Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 15%, Christian 0.7%   Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%
           
  Currency:   Yen (¥) (JPY)   US dollar ($) (USD)
         
  Fiscal Year:   1 April - 31 March   1 October - 30 September

         
  Geography   Japan United States of America
           
  Location:   Eastern Asia (Northeast Asia)   North America
         
  Coordinates:   36 00 N, 138 00 E   38 00 N, 97 00 W
         
  Total Area:   377, 835 sq km   9,629,091 sq km
         
  Land Boundaries:   0 km   12,034 km
         
  Coastline:   29,751 km   19,924 km
         
  Climate:   Four distinctive seasons, but varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north   Mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska
         
  Terrain:   Mostly mountainous (70%)   Varies significantly by region
         
  Natural Resources:   Negligible mineral resources   Coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, etc.

         
  People   Japan United States of America
           
  Population:   127,288,419   303,824,646
         
  Population Growth Rate:   -0.139%   0.883%
         
  Birth Rate:   7.87 births/1,000 population   14.18 births/1,000 population
         
  Death Rate:   9.26 deaths/1,000 population   8.27 deaths/1,000 population
         
  Fertility Rate:   1.38 children/woman   2.1 children/woman
         
  Life Expectancy:   82.07 years   78.14 years
         
  Migration Rate:   0 migrant/1,000 population   2.92 migrants/1,000 population
         
  Literacy:   99%   99%

         
  Government   Japan United States of America
           
  Government Type:   Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government   Constitution-based federal republic
         
  Administrative Divisions:   47 prefectures   50 states and 1 district
         
  Suffrage:   20 years of age; universal   18 years of age; universal
         
  Executive Branch:   Chief of State: Emperor AKIHITO
Cabinet: Cabinet
 

Chief of State: President George W. BUSH
cabinet: Cabinet

         
  Legislative Branch:   Bicameral Diet (Kokkai):
House of Councillors (247 seats), House of Representatives (480 seats)
  Bicameral Congress:
Senate (100 seats)
House of Representatives (435 seats)
         
  Judicial Branch:   Supreme Court   Supreme Court
         
  Head of Government:   Prime Minister Yasuo FUKUDA   President George W. BUSH
         
  Diplomatic Representation:   Chief of Mission to the US: Ambassador Ichiro FUJISAKI   Chief of Mission to Japan: Ambassador J. Thomas SCHIEFFER
           

         
  Economy   Japan United States of America
           
  GDP:   $4.29 trillion   $13.84 trillion
         
  GDP Per Capita:   $33,600   $45,800
           
  GDP Composition by Sector:   Agriculture: 1.4%
Industry: 26.5%
Services: 72%
  Agriculture: 0.9%
Industry: 20.5%
Services: 78.5%
         
  Population Below Poverty Line:   0%   12%
         
  Labor Force:   66.69 million   153.1 million
         
  Unemployment Rate:   3.9%   4.6%

         
  Trade   Japan United States of America
           
  Exports:   $676.9 billion   $1.149 trillion
         
  Export Partners:   China 20.5%, US 12%, Saudi Arabia 6.4%, UAE 5.5%, Australia 4.8%, South Korea 4.7%, Indonesia 4.2%   Canada 22.2%, Mexico 12.9%, Japan 5.8%, China 5.3%, UK 4.4%
           
  Primary Exports:   Transport equipment, motor vehicles, semiconductors, office machinery, chemicals   Capital goods, automobiles, industrial supplies and raw materials, consumer goods, agricultural products
         
  Imports:   $572.4 billion   $1.965 trillion
         
  Import Partners:   China 20.5%, US 12%, Saudi Arabia 6.4%, UAE 5.5%, Australia 4.8%, South Korea 4.7%, Indonesia 4.2%   Canada 16%, China 15.9%, Mexico 10.4%, Japan 7.9%, Germany 4.8%
           
  Primary Imports:   Machinery and equipment, fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, raw materials   Crude oil and refined petroleum products, machinery, automobiles, consumer goods, industrial raw materials, food and beverages
         
  Trade Balances:   $98.5 billion   -$738.6 billion

         
  Energy   Japan United States of America
           
  Electricity Production:   1.025 trillion kWh   4.062 trillion k Wh
         
  Electricity Production by Source:   Fossil Fuel: 60%
Hydro: 8.4%
Other: 1.8%
Nuclear: 29.8%
  Fossil Fuel: 71.4%
Hydro: 5.6%
Other: 2.3%
Nuclear: 20.7%
         
  Electricity Consumption:   974.2 billion kWh   3.816 trillion k Wh
         
  Oil Production:   125,000 bbl/day   8.322 million bbl/day
           
  Oil Consumption:   5.353 million bbl/day   20.8 million bbl/day
         
  Oil Proved Reserves:   58.5 million bbl   21.76 billion bbl
         
  Natural Gas Production:   4.85 billion cu m   490.8 billion cu m
         
  Natural Gas Consumption:   83.67 billion cu m   604 billion cu m

         
  Education   Japan United States of America
           
  Education System:   Elementary: 6 years
Junior high: 3 years
Senior high: 3 years
  Elementary: 5 years
Junior high: 3 years
Senior high: 4 years
         
  Public Expenditure on Education:   3.5% of GDP   4.8% of GDP
         
  School Enrollment:   Elementary: 101%
Junior high: 103%
Senior high: 96%
  Elementary: 102%
Junior high: 97%
Senior high: 81%
         
  Pupil-Teacher Ration:   Elementary: 20
Junior high: 14
Senior high: 8
  Elementary: 15
Junior high: 15
Senior high: 13

         
  Military   Japan United States of America
           
  Military Expenditures:   $39.52 billion   $322.4 billion
         
  Military Manpower:   297,500 (including reserve force)   2,552,900 (including reserve force)

   
 

The information on this page is based on:

  • Japan 2004 - Japan Institute for Social and Economic Affairs
  • The World Factbook - CIA
  • Other (Statistics Bureau - Ministry of Public Management, FEDSTAT, United Nations - Statistics Division, Institute for Statistics - UNESCO, etc.)

     
     
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